DIPOL Weekly Review - TV and SAT TV, CCTV, WLAN

No. 2/2017 (Jan. 9, 2017)

Automated Border Control (ABC) gates.

New automatic gates increasing the capacity of passenger inspection systems have been installed at several airports in Europe. Using face recognition techniques based on computer technology, they can verify the identity a passenger and check whether the traveler is the one described in the passport. The system compares the face of the passenger with the photo encoded in the biometric passport. If the system finds at least 45 similar elements, and if the passenger's name does not appear in the list of people who are not allowed to fly, the doors are opened. The system also performs the standard control of data, normally conducted by the border guards. The current photo of the traveler taken during the procedure is also compared with all databases with information on wanted persons. The whole process can take only about 15 seconds. Typical control performed by a border guard is neither as fast nor accurate.
ABC gates
(source: www.gatewayvipservices.com)
ABC gates have already been installed at many airports in Europe for several years now. So far, they can be used only by citizens of the European Union, European Economic Area and the Swiss Confederation with biometric passports (with biometric data such as fingerprints and digital facial image). Statistical surveys show that the popularity of air travel is continually growing. In 2011, there were more than 700 million border crossings, and estimates predict that by 2030 there will be about 80% more.

SAT/DVB-T/FM antenna system in a single-family home.

This universal solution provides independent DVB-S/S2, DVB-T and FM signals to 4 outlets. The terrestrial DVB-T signals are received by the professional VHF (174-230 MHz) and UHF (470-790 MHz) DVB-T antenna set A2810. Thanks to a special construction, the VHF and UHF antenna segments can be set to the vertical (V) or horizontal (H) polarization of the received signals. This enables the user to adjust the antenna to the local parameters of the broadcast signals, e.g. different polarization in the VHF and UHF bands.
Professional VHF and UHF DVB-T Antenna Set (H/V): DIPOL 28/5-12/21-60FM Antenna: Dipol 1RUZ PM B (omnidirectional H+V)Broadband TV Combiner - ST 1-69Coaxial Cable (75 ohm, class A): TRISET-113 PE (gel-filled) [1m]Coaxial Cable (75 ohm, class A): TRISET-113 PE (gel-filled) [1m]Steel Satellite Dish: FAMAVAL 100 LH (100cm)Universal QUATRO LNB: Inverto Red Extended 0.3dB5/4 Multiswitch: Signal MP-0504L (active terrestrial TV)Subscriber Terminal Outlet: Signal R-TV-SATSubscriber Terminal Outlet: Signal R-TV-SATSubscriber Terminal Outlet: Signal R-TV-SATSubscriber Terminal Outlet: Signal R-TV-SATDVB-T/T2 Receiver: Opticum HD N5DVB-T/T2 Receiver: Ferguson Ariva T750iDVB-S/S-2 Receiver: Ferguson Ariva 103HD Combo Receiver: Ferguson Ariva 153 COMBO (DVB-S/S2+DVB-T/T2/C)
SAT/DVB-T/FM antenna system with MP-0504L R6944504 multiswitch
providing all the signals to 4 outlets located in different rooms
The application of the A98257 QUATRO LNB and MP-0504L R6944504 multiswitch allows for combining SAT, DVB-T and FM signals and providing them to four subscriber terminal outlets Signal R694100. Each user can watch any available satellite or terrestrial channel.
The receivers that can be used (an example):


Name Opticum HD N5 Ariva T750i Ariva 103 Ariva 153
Code A99288  A99315  A99371  A99386
Intended use


  • DVB-T/MPEG-4 receiver Opticum HD N5 A99288 (hidden in a cabinet and communicating with the remote control via Signal IRB-620U R94130 IR remote control bender) cooperating with analog TV set
  • DVB-T/MPEG-4 receiver Ariva T750i A99315 installed in the bedroom, connected to a television that supports only DVB-T/MPEG-2
  • DVB-S/S2 receiver Ferguson Ariva 103 A99371 with Smart Card reader for pay TV, installed in the living room
  • HD combo receiver Ferguson Ariva 153 COMBO A99386 (DVB-S/S2+DVB-T/T2/C) with Smart Card reader for pay TV, installed in the next room

LTE - improvement of data rates with the use of external antennas.

LTE Advanced is a further extension of the LTE standard. Owners of devices compatible with LTE-A can theoretically reach transfers up to 300 Mbps, which is possible by aggregation of several frequency bands.
Sometimes there are problems with the LTE-A service associated with the communication of the modem with an improper base station. Simply, the modem communicates with the "strongest" base station that does not operate in LTE-A standard. To solve this problem, the user should learn (from the operator) where there is the nearest base station working in the LTE-A technology with band aggregation (preferably located in the opposite direction to the nearest/strongest base station that does not support LTE-A).
In the case study the user had been equipped with LTE-A modem but the highest download speed was at the level of 10 Mbps and upload speed reached only 1Mbps. The reason was that the modem communicated with base station not supporting LTE-A standard. The situation is presented in the map below.
A situational map - the arrangement of base stations relative to the user's location
The modem of the user connected to the base station located in the west, which did not support LTE-A and the data rates were unsatisfactory. The speed increased dramatically after the application of an external antenna, which was directed to the base station in the south-east. The station of the same operator works in LTE-A standard with band aggregation.
The increase of the data rates is shown in the screenshot above.
The test has been made with the use of the www.speedtest.net website.

Fiber-optic systems - taking out fibers from tubes.

The example below presents the application of the L56020 fiber-optic joint box for this type of installation. The first stage consisted in laying the L76012 fiber optic cable so that to leave a surplus length of the cable located by the box
The 12 single-mode fibers of the L76012 universal fiber optic cable are contained in central gel-filled tube of 3 mm diameter. The tube is made of plastic, but is flexible enough for placing the cable in the L56020 joint box. The outer jacket can be stripped by L5922 stripper that can also be used for cutting and breaking the tube.
In order take out fibers located inside the tube, the installer should use the L5925 mid span access tool.
The tool allows easy access to optical fibers in a loose buffer tube by precise shaving of its side.
Such a window should always be shaved on straight fragment of the tube. This usually means the need for drawing out a longer portion of the cable, which should then be retracted. There are two methods of taking out the fibers.
In the first one, the installer operates on a short portion of the tube, around half a meter. After cutting out two ca. 5 cm windows on both ends of the portion with the use of the MSAT 5 L5925 tool, the installer should find and cut the required two fibers in one window and take them out through the second. Each of the two fibers has the length of about half a meter. With this method it is not possible to pull out longer portions of the fibers because of friction caused by the gel in the tube. In the case where one needs longer fiber segments for convenient splicing, it is possible to cut out additional windows in order to gradually pull fibers through the tube over the short distances between the windows.
The second method consists in removing the tube over the whole length needed for convenient operation, cutting the two fibers and protecting the rest of them. To get rid of the tube, it is necessary to cut window along the whole length and then cut off the remaining part. This way, the access to the fibers can be ensured over distances of many meters, but it is not recommended to exceed the length of 2 meters - the longer the intended window, the higher risk of damaging the cable (fibers) during the operation.
L56020 fiber-optic joint box used in a system based on line topology with universal 12J cable, splices of 2 fibers

Intelligent searching and playing back recordings in HD-TVI DVRs.

Hikvision DVRs allow users to search for recordings in many ways. In addition to the standard, continuous play, the user can play the recorded material by events (motion detection, alarm input activation, VCA), markers, and DVR logs. The most advanced option is provided by intelligent search for recordings (marked as "smart"), allowing for easy skipping of less important fragments. The intelligent playback system performs analysis of the recorded video in search for pieces that contain information on motion or VCA, and then marks them with green color on the playback progress bar.
The playback screen (within DVR menu) - the effects of the smart search function
filtering fragments with motion in a particular area are marked in green
The recordings can be further analyzed and filtered by detecting:
  • line crossing,
  • intrusion in a selected area,
  • motion in other areas.
These functions do not need to be active during recording of the material. They can be switched on before playing archive recordings in order to facilitate and accelerate their analysis. In addition, the user can adjust the speed of the video playback, separately for the fragments marked by the analytical tools and the rest of the recordings.

Hikvision Disk Calculator - calculation of the data retention time.

The Hikvision Disk Calculator v. allows for estimation of the video data retention time for a given capacity of the HDD(s) installed in an NVR. Inversely, the user can calculate the required capacity of the HDD(s) for the planned data retention time.
The application is easy and intuitive to use. The "Channel Number" field must be filled up with the number of cameras connected to the NVR. The choice for the "Device Type" should be "IPC" (IP camera). The "Resolution" field is designed to select the actual image resolution, from 2-12 MP range). The "Frame Rate" parameter can be chosen within the 1/16 - 50 fps range. The "Encoding" field is used for selection of the compression used by the camera and NVR (H.264, H.264+ or H.265).
Depending on the selected parameters, the program will recommend the optimum bit rate. If the cameras work with various encoding settings, they must be added separately, with individual parameters. After adding cameras, the necessary parameters are the capacity of the planned disk(s) ("Disk Space") and the recording time per day (continuous recording periods). The calculator will compute the data retention time. Below there are calculations for the same cameras but different compression methods.
Calculation of data retention time for H.264 compression (24/24 recording mode)
Calculation of data retention time for H.264+ compression (24/24 recording mode)
Typically, the H.264+ compression method developed by Hikvision can be two times more efficient than H.264, preserving the same image quality. It has been taken into account in the application - the recommended bit rate is half that of H.264 and the same disk capacity allows for doubling the data retention time. With 8 cameras in the system, 4 TB disk space, and 24/24 recording, the time periods will be 11 and 22 days, respectively.

New products

Antenna Triplexer ZA-112Ms (FM+VHFIII/UHF/UHF/75)
Antenna Triplexer ZA-112Ms C0372 has two UHF inputs and FM+VHFIII input, allowing for combining signals from two UHF antennas (DVB-T) and antenna(s) receiving FM/DAB+ and DVB-T signals within 87-230 MHz range. The device is installed on the same mast that carries the antenna set. The construction of the casing prevents rain water from getting to the inside of the device. A convenient and simple installation with the included plastic tie. The UHF1 input can inject DC power for an preamplifier mounted in a UHF antenna connected to this input.
Active DVB-T Splitter R14R
Active DVB-T Splitter R14R B1225 is used for distribution of terrestrial DVB-T and DAB/DAB+/FM radio signals within 47-860 MHz band. The four output paths are isolated. The input signal level from an antenna should not exceed 95 dBμV (passive antennas usually provide signals at levels 60...75 dBμV).
UPS CyberPower UT850E-FR
UPS CyberPower UT850E-FR N9723 provides uninterrupted power supply for computer equipment and other important components of home/SOHO systems. The device uses line-interactive architecture with simulated sine wave output. The UPS is equipped with two AC outlets with filters and battery backup. The built-in rechargeable battery allows operation of connected devices in the event of power outages. The average battery backup time is 20 minutes for 90 W load and 30 minutes for 60 W load. The UPS can operate with AC power generators.

Worth reading

Combining single-mode devices into multimode systems. It often happens that installers have to employ single-mode devices in optical installations based on multimode fibers, or sometimes there can be the opposite situation. Such situations are usually caused by implementations of optical systems in stages, often by different contractors... >>>more
A single-mode device (switch) is connected to the L1573 converter via single-mode patchcord. The optical signal converted into multimode form is transmitted over multimode link and then converted again to the single-mode form by another L1573 converter.
New Terra multiswitches. Four-year warranty now!