DIPOL Weekly Review - TV and SAT TV, CCTV, WLAN

No. 34/2009 (Oct. 19, 2009)

SAT Krak 2009 - is it possible to have a boom in crisis?

SAT Krak 2009 took place in Krakow from October 15 to 17. In the time of crisis, companies usually reduce the variety of offers, delay implementation of costly new products. Does such a situation exist on the broadcast market? The answer must be negative, because the overall slowdown is compensated more than enough by the exchange of technology - it relates both to delivery methods (digitization) and reception equipment (HDTV).
In the era of technological change, it is interesting to participate in such fair that offers a review of the market. The opportunity to familiarize with the offer of distributors, before the season starts, is important both for professionals and consumers.
The list of exhibitors reflects changes in the Polish satellite market. Some companies which suffered the slowdown withdrew from participation in the exhibition, but there were new, with ADB and Humax companies - market leaders in advanced satellite receivers.

DIPOL presented products for professional and consumer market. The professionals were especially interested in the wide range of radial multiswitches from TERRA, ensuring exceptional flexibility (suitable for installations with up to 1000 outlets), in optic fiber equipment for transmission of SMATV/CATV/CCTV signals and Ethernet data, as well as in GSM and UMTS repeaters. All these categories were introduced in 2009. Many consumers visiting our stand were amazed at the array of LCD/plasma mounts.
DIPOL company representative receives the "Product of the Year" award of the SatKrak trade fair
for the MSR series of TERRA multiswitches

Tower in a city of smog.

In terms of height, the TV tower in the picture is the seventh in the world. Central Television Tower is 405 meters high and was built in 1992.
The city with the tower is one of the fastest growing in the world. The rapid development is connected with emission of industrial smoke and vehicle exhaust fumes, which results in formation of urban smog. The situation has been further exacerbated by cutting down the protective forest belt, which causes vulnerability to sandstorms.
The owner of the tower (CCTV) will shortly move to its new headquarters being at the final stage of construction - visible in the second picture.
Where is the tower? - The answer at the end of this issue.
The tower in the city of smog and the new headquarters of its owner.
Where is it? - The answer at the end of this issue.

MAC layer - a few words on WiFi - part 8.

MAC 802.11 protocol supports two modes of operation: DCF (Distributed Coordination Function) and PCF (Point Coordination Function).
DCF provides services using best-effort model, whereas PCF mode is designed to provide support for real-time traffic in wireless networks based on fixed infrastructure.
In 802.11 standard there are available four priority levels that organize access to the transmission medium. The levels are implemented using different IFS (Inter-Frame Space). They are (in order from shortest to longest):
  • SIFS (Short IFS);
  • EIFS (Extended IFS).
Both the PCF and DCF can operate within a single BSS ( Base Service Set ) thanks to allocation of two periods: CFP ( Contention Free Period) and CP (Contention Period). PCF access method has higher priority than DCF, because it can transmit the frame after the PIFS time which is shorter than the DIFS.
Distributed Coordination Function
DCF is the basic mode of operation of 802.11 networks, which does not use any centralized mechanism for controlling access to the medium - all the stations can compete for the access at the same time. As a method of medium access, the DCF mechanism uses CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance) protocol.
The mechanism providing access to the medium is shown in the figure below. A detailed description we will incorporate in the next issue of the newsletter.
Exchange of frames between five stations during the CP

Compression connectors for RG-6 cables.

The offer of PCT connectors has been extended by a new item - F compression connector E80330 for popular RG-6 cable (E1230_100).
It is an F-male connector of reliable construction, with very good parameters (return loss -28 dB, insertion loss -0.2 dB - up to 3 GHz, RFI shielding about -80 dB).
F connectors of PCT
F Compression Connector PCT-TRS-6-NT (for RG-6 cable)
E80330 for
E80340 for
E1015_100, E1017_100, E1019_100
Compression F Connector: PCT DRS-11QP (for TRISET-11)
E80360 for
Sectional views of the new and compressed connector (on RG-6 cable)
The sectional views perfectly show how the E80330 connector is compressed on the cable. Two compression rings ensure high resistance to break and waterproof termination of the cable. Freely rotating nut with precise thread eliminates the known problems of installers with connecting RF devices equipped with F sockets.
The professional F compression connector TRS-6 NT E80330 is dedicated for the following cables:

ULTIMODE pigtails and patchcords.

DIPOL offers new fiber optic products:
  • patchcords - optical cables terminated on both sides with optical connectors;
  • pigtails - optical cables terminated on one side with optical connector.
The offer includes patchcords and pigtails for single-mode (e.g. L3211, L3213, L3551) and multi-mode (e.g. L3011, L3013) applications, terminated with connectors that are most popular on the market - SC, SC/APC, FC.
Single-mode Patch Cord ULTIMODE PC-513S(SC-FC, 9/125)
Patchcord ULTIMODE PC-513S
Multimode Pigtail ULTIMODE PG-01S<br />(1 x SC, 62.5/125)
The optical fibers with low water peak used in the pachtcords and pigtails are compliant with ITU-T G.652.D standard. The optical fibers compliant with ITU-T G.652.D are now among the best standard optical fibers on the market. Before introduction of the G.652.D recommendations, optical systems could use one of the three transmission windows with lower attenuation (I: 850 nm, II: 1310 nm, III: 1550 nm).
Systems based on optical fibers with low water peak can work in the whole band from 1280 nm to 1650 nm. It provides full compatibility and ability to perform quality splices with existing fiber-optic networks. The ULTIMODE optical fibers are reinforced by aramid fibers (Kevlar) and covered with PVC sheath.

CCTV analog cameras in IP networks.

In many cases application of analog cameras cooperating with video servers is an economic solution.
An example can be the high-speed PTZ camera "PUMA"C4399/FCB-EX1010P M12291 with 36x optical zoom, cooperating with video server ULTINET-701 K2140. The video server converts analog video into compressed (H.264) video stream and encapsulates it into IP packets that (together with audio streams) are transported to the monitoring center. The server also enables transmission of control signals to the PTZ camera.
The data transmission can be performed via twisted pair cable, fiber optic cable (using Ethernet media converters L10021, L11041, L11521, L11525, or L11541), or wireless link (especially recommended equipment - ULTIAIR devices: N2300, N2301, N2310, N2311, N2312, N2313, N2320, N2330).

The system can be further extended by ULTICAM IP cameras and ULTICAM megapixel cameras.
The devices can be run under the control of free client software. There is also available more advanced ULTISYSTEM software that allows to combine devices from different manufactures (e.g. ACTi and IQinVision).

Speed Dome Camera: C4399/FCB-EX1010POutdoor Color Camera: VF-515 IRVideo Server: ULTINET-504 H.264Ethernet Media Converter ULTIMODE M-023M (two multimode fibers up to 2km)Wireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 419KCWireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 423KCWireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 323KC - CLEARANCE SALE!Wireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 417SBCCTV Lens: 3.5-8 mm DC F1.4 RICOM RV03508D/S
Example application diagram for monitoring of parking lots

12 questions for those who plan to build CCTV installation - part 1.

To be successful, the investment in CCTV system must be carefully planned, implemented under the plan, and finally - the system has to be used correctly. However, most problems may occur at the first stage, directly influencing the next two steps. The EN 50132-7 norm may be the basis for 12 key questions, the answers to which can provide optimum solutions.
  • What types of threats are going to be monitored?
  • Which areas are going to be monitored?
  • What are the aims of monitoring individual areas?
  • What is the required level of automation?
  • What should be the reaction/s of the system in case of violating some individual areas?
  • What is the required data storage period?
  • What are the environmental conditions?
  • What is the anticipated method of system control?
  • What should be the resolution/s (detail) and frame rate/s (smoothness) of the images?
  • What is the sufficient range and security level of signal transmission?
  • How to train security guards?
  • Who and how is going to maintain the system?
1. What types of threats are going to be monitored?
This question must be answered to define the general objectives of the system. Whether the aim is to protect the people, other important values, or only to provide additional information (semi-professional or basic CCTV installations). The answer to the question will allow to choose the category of equipment needed. This will help protect the undertaking from using inappropriate devices, both in terms of quality and economy.
VGA camera
for a general view
ULTICAM 2.0 Mpix
day/night camera
for detailed monitoring
IP Speed Dome Day/Night Camera: ACTi CAM-6621 (MPEG-4) - CLEARANCE SALE!
High-speed PTZ
for monitoring large areas

What is the range of wireless data transmission systems using 802.11 equipment?

The maximum distance depends on several factors, such as:
  • Mutual visibility of two points - this is the most important factor that determines the range and efficiency of data transmission. Any obstacle, such as trees, buildings, etc. adversely affects the operation and reliability of transmission;
  • Standard, band and channel (interferences etc.);
  • Category of devices - long wireless links should not be based on SOHO devices but only on professional equipment using 802.11a standard. The examples of professional equipment are devices with Mikrotik OS - ULTIAIR.;
  • Maximum output power (EIRP) - limited by national regulations. It is worth remembering that it is better to use an antenna with a higher gain than a more powerful wireless module.
Under favorable conditions (no interference, mutual visibility including Fresnel zone etc.) the limit is about 15 km.
More on designing wireless links
Wireless link based on ULTIAIR devices:
Wireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 419KCWireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 319KC

Efficient wireless data transmission
with ULTIAIR devices
The link above employs ULTIAIR N2310 and N2300. Both devices are equipped with 23 dBi antennas with a very narrow angle of radiation. They use main boards of RouterBoard run by Mikrotik system, which is an ideal solution for long-range and efficient links.

Twisted pair cables of highest quality for professional use - NETSET BOX.

NETSET BOX cat. 5e is of the highest quality product line designed to perform professional installations inside or outside of buildings, depending on the type of cable used. The latest generation of twisted pair cables is available in the following types:

  • E1408_305 - NETSET BOX UTP 5e [305m] - for indoor applications;
  • E1410_305 - NETSET BOX UTP 5e [305m] - gel-filled, black, suitable for outdoor applications;
  • E1515_305 - NETSET BOX FTP 5e [305m] - shielded cable for indoor applications.
CAT 5e UTP Cable
NETSET BOX (indoor)
[305m] E1408_305
CAT 5e UTP Cable
NETSET BOX (outdoor
- gel-filled, black)
[305m] E1410_305
CAT 5e FTP Cable
(shielded, indoor)
[305m] E1515_305
Distinguishing features of all NETSET BOX CAT 5e cables:
  • highest-quality materials, strict technological discipline confirmed by a 6-year quality guarantee;
  • parameters far exceeding the requirements for Category 5+
    (Certificate of National Institute of Telecommunications in Warsaw, Poland);
  • preliminary quality control of materials and thorough tests of the final product;
  • meter markers, deviation less than 0.5%;
  • 305 m unreel box;
  • solid wires of 0.50 mm diameter (24 AWG);
  • wire insulation made of homogeneous, highly-insulating, volume-colored PE;
  • colors: white-green/green, white-orange/orange, white-brown/brown, white-blue/blue.


Beijing is the second largest city in China (PRC), after Shanghai, with about 17 million people (2007).
The building complex shown below is the headquarters of China Central TeleVision (CCTV), the Chinese state television. Its height is 237 meters. The complex includes the hotel seen in the foreground. After a fire broke out in it in early 2009, the opening of the complex has been postponed.
We have written about:

Video surveillance in Szczercow - quick apprehension of criminals. Szczercow (town in Lodz region in central Poland) several months ago launched urban video surveillance system. The correctness of the decision to install the video monitoring system was confirmed by the horrific incident which took place on April 30, 2009. Four gangsters broke into property of...
- archive DWR of Aug. 31, 2009

How to use wireless connectivity to develop the network at home or office. Internet access is nowadays indispensable at home and office. It can be easily distributed among many users by wireless means, e.g. using the TP-LINK equipment...
- archive DWR of Sept. 8, 2008

Size of an object on monitor screen. According to EN 50132-7 norm, the size of the representation of an object, e.g. human figure should be strictly connected with the aim of the operator - identification, recognition, detection or general observation...
- archive DWR of Nov. 26, 2007

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