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DIPOL Weekly Review - TV and SAT TV, CCTV, WLAN
No. 12/2011 (March 21, 2011)
Do not start a war when... On February 26, 2011, at 6:07 Moscow time, the carrier rocket Soyuz-2.1b began to launch into Earth orbit the first satellite from the third-generation Russian satellite navigation system GLONASS (Globalnaja Nawigacionnaja Sputnikowaja Sistiema).
At 9:41 the control over the satellite was taken by the ground-based command center which announced that the operation had been successfully completed. The event received wide coverage throughout the world, because after several unsuccessful attempts the Russians are closer to having an alternative to the American GPS system.
GLONASS-K satellite is the successor of the GLONASS-M series, which have so far formed the basis of the current system. The objects from the K-series are nearly two times lighter than their predecessors (750 kg instead of 1400 kg), can work three years longer (10-12 years) and transmit five navigation signals (instead of two provided by the predecessors), which will greatly increase the efficiency and accuracy of the new system. Its accuracy will improve from about 30 m to 5 m. Four signals used for military purposes will be transmitted in L1 and L2 bands, while the civil service will be available in the L3 band.

To separate individual signals, GLONASS employs FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access) protocols. However, two additional CDMA (Coded Division Multiple Access) signals, used by GPS, will enable users to utilize both systems. The civilians equipped with devices compatible with the two systems will be able to benefit from up to 50 satellites, in order to determine their exact positions. With different orbital height and angle of inclination, GLONASS satellites will allow for more accurate covering of polar areas, in comparison with the U.S. satellite system.

At the moment, GLONASS operates on the territory of Russia. To achieve global coverage, the system needs two more satellites. These are to be placed in the orbit later this year. The Russians, promoting the development of their system, have introduced a 25% duty on all imported GPS devices not compatible with GLONASS. Since 2012, all cars produced in Russia are to be fitted with the GLONASS navigation systems.
The launch of GLONASS-K satellite was a widely promoted event at CeBIT in Hannover. The visitors could learn in detail the possibilities and principles of operation of the system and see with their own eyes a model of the actual size of the satellite that had already been in the orbit.
Modern navigation systems are essential to the conduct of hostilities. A state which has direct control over such a system can significantly weaken the military potential of the enemy or other conflicted parties, just by turning off the system or changing its parameters.
In modern history, there were at least two cases when the U.S., controlling the GPS system, used this opportunity. During the first Gulf War they changed the GPS settings in order to show false data. It was only after two days that the Iraqis found it out, during which they were wrongly locating positions of their units, and their missiles were missing targets. A similar situation occurred in 2008, during the Russo - Georgian war, when the GPS system was disabled in this region, hindering the movements of Russian troops. After the incident, Vladimir Putin, knowing the importance of having their own positioning system, ordered to intensify the work on the GLONASS project.

Another system, Compass - Beidou, is being built by the Chinese. It should cover China in 2012, and the whole world in 2020. Europe is also involved in a project of global navigation, Galileo, which should be fully functional in 2018.
Antennas in an extraordinary bay. The bay visible in the pictures below has been placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List twice. Once as an area of unique natural beauty, the second as a place of enormous research value associated with the structure of the Earth's crust.
The district with an area of 150000 ha, which consists of over 1900 islands, is inhabited only by about 300 people. Every year, the bay is visited by about 2 million tourists. To ensure communication, on some islands there have been deployed cellular base stations.
Where is the bay? - The answer at the end of this issue.
Terrestrial TV antenna on a ship and cellular base stations - where is the bay?
The answer at the end of this issue.
Distribution of CCTV channels as DVB-T signals in systems based on TERRA MMH-3000 headends. Increasingly, in antenna systems there are transmitted materials from media players and images from analog CCTV cameras. This functionality is often used in hotels (transmission of video from conference rooms, ski slopes, beaches) and in residential buildings (video monitoring of parking lots, playgrounds, etc).
The obstacles in implementing such systems may be lack of free channels and the prospect that in the near future televisions will not be equipped with analog TV tuners. They can be overcome by using encoders and DVB-T modulators.
MPEG-2 Encoder: Terra MD-330 (for MMH-3000 headend)DVB-T Modulator (COFDM) for TERRA MMH-3000MPEG-2 Encoder: Terra MD-330 (for MMH-3000 headend)
The idea of the application of the MD-330 encoder and TRX-360 modulator.
One DVB-T multiplex (one TV channel) can transport 6 digital streams
containing video and sound from 6 CCTV cameras.
The MD-330 R81713 encoder converts analog video/audio signals coming from analog cameras, video players etc. into MPEG-2 coded transport streams. The transport streams can then be fed into the TRX-360 R81709 DVB-T modulator (COFDM) and distributed in an RF network as channels in the DVB-T multiplex.
The encoder has three composite video and three stereo audio inputs. The signals from the inputs are converted into MPEG-2 TS streams available at three individual MPEG2 TS outputs. The outputs are connected (via included ribbon connectors) to the inputs of the TRX-360 R81709 DVB-T modulator (the modulator simultaneously processes signals from another encoder, so the system in the picture can distribute signals from six cameras or other audio-video devices).
Hikvision equipment ahead of the competition once again. The Ruwi Hotel is one of the most prestigious places in the office district of Muscat, the capital of Oman. Due to high standards of service, it is a favorite hotel for foreign visitors and businessmen.
To ensure the safety of the guests, Aitken Spence Hotels Group, the owner of the hotel, decided to install a video monitoring system. They have chosen Hikvision to provide engineering solution and supply of equipment .
The Ruwi Hotel is one of the most exclusive facilities of its kind in the capital of Oman
The owner and staff of the hotel required excellent image quality, particularly in areas such as parking lot, entrance, and the main lobby. The video monitoring system should cover meeting rooms, corridors, elevators and other technical facilities in the entire hotel. One of the requirements for devices operating in some areas was resistance to high temperatures.
OHI Electronics, the company doing the installation, connected the Hikvision DVRs with vandal-proof high-resolution analog cameras. The video footage is stored for over 40 days and used by the hotel staff in difficult situations, such as in the cases when customers cannot find their luggage, report damage to the car at the parking lot etc. Typical training time was greatly reduced due to the logically designed, consistent, and user-friendly interface of the Hikvision DVRs.
HIKVISION digital video recorders are known worldwide not only for their high performance, but also for superior quality and reliability. A wealth of configuration options, network interface, extensive software packages - all these features rank the manufacturer of the devices among the world leaders. Sachin Srinivasan, the head of sales at OHI Electronics, has underlined that the quality of the equipment greatly increases the efficient use of the system.

Hikvision DVRs
Video surveillance of parking lots. For effective monitoring of unlit parking lots one requires cameras with increased sensitivity, supported by IR illuminators. The models recommended for deploying along fences are the M11190 cameras equipped with Sony Exview image senors characterized by increased sensitivity, including the range of infrared radiation emitted by IR illuminators. The cameras should be fitted with lenses designed to work in IR range, e.g. Jensen M2158.
The parking entry and exit will be efficiently monitored by the Sunell SN-BXC5930CDN M11209 cameras. They are characterized by high resolution and sensitivity, as well as excellent image processing performed by Effio processors. The use of HLC function (High Light Compensation) ensures that the images from the cameras will not be overexposed by the headlights of passing cars.

The areas of parking lots can be effectively illuminated with Redbeam IR100 M1647 (range of 90 m, beamwidth of 30o) or Redbeam IR40 M1640 (range of 30 m, beamwidth of 60o) IR illuminators.
IR illuminator: Redbeam IR40IR illuminator: Readbeam IR100CCTV Lens: JENSEN 5 - 50 mm DC IR F1.6Outdoor Camera Housing: Marathon MH-806/12Day/Night Box Camera: u-cam 595 (550TVL, Sony EXView CCD, 0.01 lx)Day/Night Box Camera: SN-BXC5930CDN (WDR, 650 TVL, Sony Effio-E, ICR, 0.03 lx)
Basic guidelines for effective video surveillance system in an unlit parking lot
Integration of video surveillance systems in scattered locations. The simplest way to integrate such systems e.g. in supermarket chains, petrol/gas stations, fast food chains etc., in order to monitor the whole groups of locations in centralized points, is to perform local high-definition recording and lower quality remote video monitoring over the Internet in these points.
1.3 Mpix Pan-Tilt IP Camera: ACTi ACM-82111.3 Mpix Dome Camera: ACTi ACM-3511 (IR)Outdoor IP Camera: ACTi ACM-1231 (1.3 Mpx)IP VGA Camera: ACTi ACM-40011.3 Mpix Dome Camera: ACTi ACM-3511 (IR)Outdoor IP Camera: ACTi ACM-1231 (1.3 Mpx)IP VGA Camera: ACTi ACM-4001IP DVR/NVR: AverMedia EXR6004Mini (4-ch. H.264 VGA)Hybrid DVR/NVR: AverMedia EH5108H+ (8-ch. H.264)Hybrid DVR/NVR: AverMedia EH5108H+ (8-ch. H.264)
Integration of CCTV systems based on AverMedia DVRs
The video streams from IP cameras can be recorded by network DVRs AVERMEDIA M75108, M75216, M76004, M76008. They enable the users to record the video locally, as well as to perform live monitoring and video playback over the network, using the free "Remote Console" application.
Cheap home wireless n network. A very popular wireless router is the TP-LINK TL-WR740N N3252, with the following features:
  • MAC address cloning
  • firewall
  • Internet access filtering
  • static / dynamic routing
  • AP in 802.11 n/g/b standards (up to 150 Mbps)
  • router
  • built-in 4-port switch
  • QSS
  • QoS
The diagram below shows a simple network based on TP-Link equipment operating in the 802.11 n standard, with Wi-Fi transmission speeds up to 150 Mb/s.
Wireless USB Adapter: TP-Link TL-WN721N (802.11n, 150Mb/s)Access Point: TP-Link TL-WR740N (w. router, 4p-switch, 150Mb/s 802.11n) Wireless USB Adapter: TP-Link TL-WN721N (802.11n, 150Mb/s)
A Wi-Fi network for home and SOHO applications
DIPOL at Intertelecom 2011. You can visit our Virtual stand - Connect to the digital world.
Connect to the digital world - DIPOL at Intertelecom, March 22-24, 2011
Vinh Ha Long. The bay in northern Vietnam, an arm of the Gulf of Tonkin, which lies about 164 km southeast of Hanoi. As a result of flooding of the previously existing limestone plateau, the landscape is dominated by 1969 islands, of which 989 have been named. The islands in the eastern part of the bay have almost vertical slopes. The peaks of the flooded area jut out 50-100 m above the water level.
New products offered by DIPOL:
Portable DVR Camera: PROTECT 701 (HD, H.264, SDHC/MMC, adjustable LCD screen)
Powerline Ethernet Adapters: TP-Link TL-PA201KIT (200Mbps, 2pcs)
Antenna adapter (FME plug) for Huawei E800
SAT-Finder plus - Schwaiger SF9000
Portable DVR
Powerline Ethernet
FME adapter
for Huawei E800
SAT-Finder plus
Schwaiger SF9000
We have written about:

Satlook Micro HD - measurements in multiswitch systems. Satlook Micro HD R10740 meter has been designed and manufactured by engineers of Emitor company in Sweden.
The main purpose of the R10740 meter is to help the installer find a chosen satellite (with Easy Find), and then to allow for precise alignment of the dish and LNB(s) by measuring a set of parameters of digital signals from selected transponders. The device can measure satellite signals in DVB-S standard (QPSK modulation) and in DVB-S2 standard (QPSK and 8PSK modulations - the latter is used by transponders broadcasting HD channels)...
Digital Satellite Meter Satlook Micro HD (DVB-S/S2)
Digital Satellite Meter Satlook Micro HD (DVB-S/S2)
Surveillance of a remote location, 2 km away. Owner of a building materials yard decided to install a video surveillance system there, located 2 km away from his home office. He required access to the images from the cameras on site and at his home.
In the yard there have been installed analog cameras n-cam 690 M11275 and u-cam 595 BOX M11190...
Wireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 423KCWireless Access Point: ULTIAIR 423KCDay/Night Box Camera: u-cam 595 (550TVL, Sony EXView CCD, 0.01 lx)Compact CCTV Camera: n-cam 690 (550 TVL, Sony Super HAD II CCD, 0.5 lx, 4-9mm, IR 30m) CCTV Network DVR: TREND 250X08 (H.264, 8 channels)
How to attach RJ-45 connector to cat 5 UTP cable? Male RJ-45 connector J2008 (8P8C category 5e for UTP/FTP cables with solid wires) used for computer network cables. NETSET BOX UTP CAT 5e E1408 cable is the highest-quality twisted pair cable designed for...
RJ45 plug on UTP cable - Installing
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